8 Things Your Urine Can Tell You About Your Health

8 Things Your Urine Can Tell You About Your Health

Hey, You're ready? Today, we’re getting into a sensitive topic. One that may leave you a little uncomfortable. If you can’t handle it, plug your ears and wait until it’s over. Here we go, Urine! There, I said it.

While this word has been the topic of many a joke since your childhood,   we assure you it is no laughing matter. In today’s article, we're going to be talking about health conditions that are indicated through your urine. From hyperglycemia to pregnancy, to lupus. We’re talking all that AND more.

1. Hyperglycemia

We’re starting off with a fancy word here. Let’s back up a second, “hyperglycemia” is simply the medical term for high blood sugar or glucose. It affects people who suffer from diabetes. During those who are unaware they have hyperglycemia, frequent urination will usually serve as your first warning sign.

 The condition of frequent urination is known as polyuria. In this case, “frequent” is classified by 3 or more litres of urine per day. With a healthy human being, the kidneys will go through their normal process of reabsorbing sugar into the bloodstream before making urine. If you have hyperglycemia, there is too much sugar to be reabsorbed, resulting in the excess amount appearing in your urine.

In a study from the late ’90s, researchers focused on a 69-year-old man who suffered from diabetes. Due to his hyperglycemia, his body maintained a steady state of polyuria for 40 hours! So if you find yourself urinating at an alarming frequency, hyperglycemia is a strong possibility.

2. Pregnancy

Frequent urination during pregnancy is normal. While it’s experienced during all three trimesters, the first is absolutely the most crucial. When a woman is pregnant, her urinary system goes through many changes. Pregnancy hormones stimulate the kidneys. From here, they expand to produce more urine than usual.

This is why when someone doesn’t realize they are pregnant, one of the first signs is polyuria. But it can take much scarier than that. In some cases, this frequent urination is a symptom of diabetes insipidus. Also known as D.I., this condition sees a person not only use the bathroom more than usual but also feel much thirstier.

Studies have shown that it can complicate 1 in every 30,000 pregnancies. If you are pregnant and have concerns, it’s probably best to consult a doctor.

3. Kidney Disease

This is among the most alarming entries on our list. If the blood is found in your urine, it can be a sign of kidney disease. This blood will turn your urine into the colours of red, pink or brown. This symptom is also known as hematuria.  Hematuria has several causes. These include infections in the bladder and prostate,  as well as hepatitis.

If you have an enlarged prostate or suffer from urinary stones, hematuria is likely to be a warning sign. In this particular case, it’s your kidneys that need treatment. When the kidneys are healthy, they are usually strong enough to hold in blood cells. When kidneys have been damaged, these cells begin to leak into the urine. But blood is not the only noticeable flag.

You may notice strange bubbles in the liquid as well. This actually is protein from your system that has also leaked into the urine and taken the form of foam. We know, it sounds terrifying, doesn’t it. But this is just another thing your urine can tell you about your health. Make sure you consult a healthcare professional for a urinalysis. We’re about halfway through already.

4. Lupus

Warning Signs of the condition can also appear in your urine. Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system begins attacking your tissue. There is currently no cure. Before being diagnosed, you may notice signs in the form of fatigue, fever, hair loss and swollen lymph nodes. But damaged urine is not far behind. In the last few minutes, we have discussed urinary malfunction in the form of either frequent, bloody or foamy urine. With lupus, all three are possible.

Especially with lupus nephritis, the type of lupus where the kidney’s nephrons become inflamed. As a result, the kidneys are unable to properly remove waste from the blood. Your waste level will gradually build up. If this goes untreated, your kidneys face permanent damage. Experts state that 60% of lupus patients will be diagnosed with this type.

If a lupus patient experiences burning while urinating, this could point towards a urinary tract infection. With this being the case, a doctor may prescribe you with antibiotics. Nevertheless, patients with lupus nephritis are recommended to make changes to their lifestyles in order to protect their kidneys. This includes cutting sodium and cholesterol, avoiding alcohol and cigarettes, and adopting a regular exercise routine.

5. Dehydration 

It’s almost ironic that the lack of fluids in your system causes you to urinate even more. Well, that’s the exact case with dehydration. When your body is becoming dehydrated, you begin losing fluid, placing pressure on your kidneys to urinate. Other symptoms can include dry mouth, dizziness also vomiting. People who are severely dehydrated can lose between 10-15 per cent of the body’s water.

When going to the bathroom, you will notice that your urine is much darker than usual. This is your fluid leaving the body. Clear,   healthy urine is much clearer, as you are receiving the proper amount of water.  A question has lingered in the medical world as to whether or not the colour of your urine is determined by something known as urine osmolality-- the measure of urine concentration.

In 2017, a study was conducted in China where researchers collected urine samples from   68 men. Through examination, they concluded that the colour of the urine was indeed related to osmolality, and the quantity is a reliable way to measure your hydration.

6. Gallbladder Issues

Multiple of us only become familiar with our gallbladder after our grandmother has it removed. This gallbladder is a small organ resting just below our liver. Its job is to squeeze bile into the intestines in order to digest fats. Keep in mind that is not an organ that is necessary to your survival. Hens your grandmother getting in removed.

If you are having gallbladder problems, one of the first signs can be darker urine. This can sometimes indicate gallstones, an obstruction in the duct that sends bile to your intestines. Now before begin worrying about a possible operation, don’t.

There are plenty of other treatments that can help you with your gallstones. Known as the gallbladder diet, medical experts recommend a reduction in carbohydrates as well as an increase in the consumption of high-fibre foods.

While you are partaking in this diet, make sure that you are losing weight at a reasonable pace. Too much weight too quickly can result in your stones becoming larger.

7. Sleep Apnea 

This is one that may surprise you. Frequent trips to the bathroom can actually be a sign of sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA, is a condition where you stop breathing for periods of time while asleep.

While abnormal urination habits have been linked, the relation is not yet understood. A 2009 study focused on the urination habits of men who had been suffering from sleep apnea. They concluded that OSA was associated with an overactive bladder.

8. Anxiety


This entry may surprise you even more than the last. While frequent urination can be a sign of poor physical health, it can also be a warning that your mental health is deteriorating. Generalized anxiety disorder affects an estimated 6.8 million people in the United States, and this is just those who have been diagnosed.

Also referred to as G.A.D. generalized anxiety disorder is when your primary symptom is one of being anxious. To put it simply, anxiety and other forms of mental stress can increase your need to urinate. While the reason for this is not confirmed 100%, scientists theorize that it evokes our fight or flight instinct.

When we think we are in harm’s way, our brain reacts as a sort of detector. When the detector goes off, our body begins to react in a way for us to survive. If we are scared, it is much easier to flee when we have gone to the bathroom.

This translates into anxiety as well. When we are anxious, we feel the need to urinate sometimes immediately after going. If you are having increased feelings of anxiety, feel free to reach out to a doctor or trusted family member.

Have you been noticing changes in your urine?

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